|To date, the huge range of various modifications of firearms can confuse novice hunting enthusiasts. Nevertheless, the storage and carrying of weapons is the material with which beginners will get to know and thoroughly study.||The Second Amendment to the US Constitution (adopted in 1791) guarantees the right of Americans to own firearms. There are a number of federal laws that regulate the ownership and use of firearms, but most of these rules are set by individual states.|
Under current federal rules, firearms may not be sold to people with mental illness, previously convicted of a crime (this includes individuals suspected of breaking the law, prosecuted for domestic violence, etc.), drug addicts and non-US citizens (there are exceptions, but few). Pistols can usually be purchased only by people over 21 years of age, and guns can be purchased after reaching 18 years of age. When buying a gun in a store, the buyer fills out a special questionnaire, which includes his home address, place of work, etc., signs a number of documents (thus declaring that all the information given to him is accurate) and in some states leaves a thumbprint of his right hand. Buyers are also required to show their documents to the seller, and in some states a special training course is required before buying a weapon.
|Federal law states that a sold gun must have certain characteristics. Since 1986, it has been prohibited to sell fully automatic weapons in the U.S. (however, submachine guns, machine guns, etc. manufactured before 1986 may remain in the possession of people and be sold privately). In 1994 another restriction was introduced – magazines of rapid-fire rifles must not hold more than 10 rounds of ammunition (respectively, it is allowed to own and resell privately acquired magazines before 1994).||In 46 states there are no restrictions on how many barrels can be purchased. Only four states have a rule that a buyer can buy one shotgun (pistol, rifle, etc.) per month. In 43 states, purchasing a gun does not require a license or registration. The 44 states do not regulate the secondary arms market in any way (i.e. the owner of the gun can freely sell it to anyone). In 27 states the buyer is checked not only by the federal database of criminals, but also by the databases of the state itself (respectively, in 23 states, such a request is sent only to the federal authorities). Forty states prohibit counties and individual municipalities from enacting laws that tighten or relax existing rules of this nature.|
There are four main approaches to weapons ownership in different states:
“Shall issue a “must issue” permit – state authorities issue a permit to possess a weapon to anyone who meets certain criteria.
These criteria may vary slightly from state to state, but generally include age requirements, no criminal record, no mental illness history, and no criminal record. Fingerprints had to be taken and some states also required courses on the safe handling of weapons.
Some states allow possession of a weapon even by former criminals (after a certain period of time), some allow it to be sold only to residents of the state, some recognize permits issued by other states, some do not.
The general rule is that if a person who wants to buy a gun meets all the required criteria, they cannot be denied a permit.
“May issue” means that state authorities only grant permission to own a weapon to those who can prove they need it. However, a permit may be refused without explanation. Such rules apply in California and New York, for example.
Permission is not necessary – states where you do not need a permit to buy a gun (Alaska, Arizona, Idaho – for residents over 21 years old, Kansas, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Vermont, West Virginia and Wyoming).
In some of these states, weapons can only be kept unloaded, while in others, you must always carry your ID along with your weapon.
Possession of a weapon is prohibited. There’s no such thing left by 2016. But in D.C., Hawaii, Massachusetts and New Jersey, as well as in Rhode Island it is not easy to get permission to carry a gun, although formally it is a “may issue” of the states.
Seven states in the United States (out of 50) do not have age limits for purchasing weapons from private sellers. 18 states do not set a minimum age for owning a firearm (that is, formally, a baby can own a gun). Also 13 states allow teenagers at the age of 13-16 years to own the weapon. Only four states have laws stipulating that personal firearms must be stored in a specially equipped, secure location (such as a safe deposit box).
In 2000, the Open Society Institute for the first time compared the “weapons” regulations that exist in different states of the United States. The most stringent legislation could get 100 points. The study found that the toughest regulations are in Massachusetts (76 points) and Hawaii (71 points). Six other states (New York, Illinois, New Jersey, Maryland, Connecticut and California) have “moderate” rules (scored from 27 to 53). Forty-two states scored less than 20 points, of which 20 scored less than zero: the freest rules of ownership exist in the states of Maine (minus 10 points), Louisiana and Alaska (minus 8 points).
According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 38 states prohibit the entry of firearms into school grounds. Another 16 have a similar ban on university campuses (campuses). Some states leave these rules to universities.
According to the Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Bureau, approximately 60-65 million Americans (which makes up 45% of American households) currently hold more than 200 million firearms (73 million rifles, rifles and automatic rifles, 66 million pistols and revolvers, 62 million pumps, shotguns, etc.). – the exact number is unknown).
Annually, the number of weapons in private hands increases by 4.5 million barrels. Thus, the Americans have the largest private arsenal in the world.
According to the statistics of the National Shooting Sports Foundation, 18.5 million hunters live in the USA. Any person who has reached the age of 16 years can become a hunter.
According to the U.S. Department of the Treasury (2002-2003), there are more than 1.7 thousand licensed manufacturers and about 740 licensed importers of firearms in the country. In 2002, manufacturers supplied more than 1.4 million pistols and revolvers and about 2.7 million rifles, shotguns and shotguns to stores.